What is Humanism?

34Throughout recorded history there have been non-religious people who have believed that this life is the only life we have, that the universe is a natural phenomenon with no supernatural side, and that we can live ethical and fulfilling lives on the basis of reason and humanity. They have trusted to the scientific method, evidence, and reason to discover truths about the universe and have placed human welfare and happiness at the centre of their ethical decision making.

Today, people who share these beliefs and values are called humanists and this combination of attitudes is called Humanism. Many millions of people in Britain share this way of living and of looking at the world, but many of them have not heard the word ‘Humanism’ and don’t realise that it describes what they believe.

 

 

15Defining ‘Humanism’

Humanism is a broad worldview which describes a number of shades of opinion, but the core set of beliefs and values can be summarised as follows.

A humanist…

  • trusts to the scientific method when it comes to understanding how the universe works and rejects the idea of the supernatural (and is therefore an atheist or agnostic)
  • makes their ethical decisions based on reason, empathy, and a concern for human beings and other sentient animals
  • believes that, in the absence of an afterlife and any discernible purpose to the universe, human beings can act to give their own lives meaning by seeking happiness in this life and helping others to do the same.

For a number of dictionary and encyclopaedia definitions of the word ‘Humanism’, click here.

 

 

35

 

32

 

How many humanists are there?

According to the British Social Attitudes survey (2013) 51% of the population and 69% of young people (aged 18-24) are non-religious, making this the largest ‘belief’ group in the UK. A YouGov poll in 2014 found that 6% of British adults primarily identified with the label ‘humanist’ (larger than any non-Christian religion in the UK) and in 2007 Ipsos Mori found that 36% of the population share humanist beliefs and values.

One of the reasons many more people share humanist beliefs and values than use the label ‘humanist’ for themselves is simply because they have not heard of the word or are unaware of what it means.

‘I was a humanist without knowing it for many years before I found the British Humanist Association – when I did, it was like finding a sort of home.  Here were people with a range of views that matched my own, who shared my respect for life in all its forms.’

The late BHA Vice-President, Claire Rayner

 

rw20How old is Humanism?

Humanist thought is as old as humanity. From the first millennium BCE in ancient China, India, and Greece; through the scientific revolution and the enlightenment; to modern secularisation and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, humanist ideas have helped to shape the world in which we now live.

You can find more information about how Humanism has developed over time here.

 

d09

Find out more about Humanism

UK schools can request a FREE copy of Michael Rosen and Annmarie Young’s What is Humanism? How can I live without a god? And other big questions for kids.

The British Humanist Association has a wealth of further information about Humanism on its website. You can also download the BHA’s free Short Course on Humanism eBook.

For further information see:

By continuing to use the site, you agree to the use of cookies. More information

The cookie settings on this website are set to "allow cookies" to give you the best browsing experience possible. If you continue to use this website without changing your cookie settings or you click "Accept" below then you are consenting to this.

Close

Contact Us

British Humanist Association
39 Moreland Street
London EC1V 8BB
education@humanism.org.uk
@HumanismEdu

Understanding Humanism

© British Humanist Association 2017. Registered Charity No. 28598
humanism.org.uk | Privacy

Illustrations by Hyebin Lee